September 28, 2022

California to ban gasoline car sales by 2035 – pv magazine International

The electrification of transport is expected to increase the need for solar energy construction.

Of pv magazine United States

The California Air Resources Board (CARB) is due to vote today to pass a law banning all sales of new internal combustion engines by 2035. Under the law, Californians can continue to drive gasoline-powered vehicles and in buy used after 2035. The plan also allows 20% of sales after 2035 to be plug-in hybrids that can run on batteries and gas.

California accounts for 10% of the U.S. auto market but accounts for 43% of all plug-in vehicles in the country, CARB said.

The new law is expected to stimulate demand for infrastructure to support an electric transport sector, including charging stations for solar and electric vehicles. Currently, there are about 80,000 charging stations in California, well below the goal of 250,000 by 2025.

Massachusetts, Washington and New York are among the states that have announced electrification goals for their auto markets or pledged to follow in the footsteps of California’s decisions.

“The climate crisis can be solved if we focus on the big and bold action needed to stem the tide of carbon pollution,” Governor Gavin Newsom said.

Transport is responsible for around 30% of carbon emissions. However, carbon reduction targets cannot be met if this new era of electric vehicles is recharged by a dirty grid characterized by natural gas and other hydrocarbons. As such, environmental groups are calling on Governor Newsom to step in and change the state’s rooftop solar policy.

California Air Resources Board (CARB) regulators released a comprehensive report outlining the state’s path to carbon neutrality, and chief among the recommendations was support for solar power, particularly rooftop solar. . However, California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC) regulators have crafted policies aimed at undermining the value of rooftop solar in the state.

California’s rooftop solar industry represents more than 1.4 million homes, small businesses and other structures with photovoltaic panels. The state accounts for 50% of rooftop solar installations in the United States, and of the 230,000 people employed in the solar industry, as many as 68,000 jobs are supported by rooftop solar activity in the state. .

Based on California’s clean energy goals, up to 28.5 GW of rooftop solar must be installed through 2045, according to Environment California. If all that capacity were instead installed on land, 148,000 acres would be needed to support it, an area about half the size of Los Angeles.

However, policies currently being developed in the state, namely the Net Energy Metering (NEM) 3.0 policy, are expected to lower the value of solar energy in the state. NEM 3.0 reduces the payment made to homeowners for their excess solar power shared with the grid to a fraction of what it is under today’s net metering program.

The NEM 3.0 bill introduced a “non-avoidable charge,” which would add $0.05/kWh to a customer’s bill, whether or not they have solar power. For context, most Americans pay less than $0.15/kWh for electricity in total. These non-avoidable charges would apply to electrons generated by the customer’s rooftop solar panel and delivered to their home. Regulations make it very difficult, if not illegal, to completely disconnect from the grid in many areas of California.

This means that even if the customer completely self-consumes the solar power and does not use utility-generated electricity, the utility will benefit the owner’s system through non-bypass loads.

“The ambitious plan to ban the sale of new gas-powered cars is exactly the kind of climate solutions that California and the rest of the country should embrace,” said EWG President and Bay Area resident Ken Cook. .

“But it will require the state to dramatically increase investment in residential and commercial solar energy that will be needed to charge the millions of electric vehicles over the next decade,” Cook said. “I don’t see how Governor Newsom can achieve what his administration would like to do on clean transportation without the most robust rooftop and community solar programs the state can support.”

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